Bed Frame Sizes and Dimensions Guide 2024

Bed Frame Sizes and Dimensions Guide 2024

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Last Updated on Mar 07, 2024

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    A bed frame is a part of a bed used to support and position your mattress. This bed frame consists of head, foot, and side panels, and it may also include a base, either solid or slatted, to support your mattress. Bed frames are typically made of wood or metal.

    A perfect bed consists of a high-quality mattress and a bed frame; the mattress is in close contact with your body and helps you get deep sleep, while the bed frame supports the weight of your mattress and allows the mattress to be in a fixed position. The bed frame also enables you to move easily inside the bed and get out of it without hassle.

    There are a variety of bed frames available in the market; some of them have railings, some have headboards and footboards, and some may even have slats. But before deciding on what type of bed frame you need to buy, it is essential to know the bed frame sizes to get a bed frame that perfectly fits your mattress size and helps you get sound sleep. Our detailed guide will help you understand the various bed frame sizes, their specialty, types of bed frames, and much more.

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    Bed Frame Sizes Chart

    illustration of bed frame sizes chart

    When shopping for a new bed frame, make sure it's compatible with your mattress size. Bed frames should match the dimensions of mattresses they pair with. The mattress may bend if the frame is too small, creating sagging and indentations. If the bed frame is too big, leave gaps on each side, causing the mattress to slide. Let's take a look at standard bed frame sizes:

    Standard Mattress SizesMattress SIze (Inches)Bed Frame Dimensions (Inches)Recommended Room Size (Feet)
    Twin38 X 7440-43 X 77-807 X 10
    Twin XL38 X 8040-43 X 82-857 X 10.5
    Full/Double54 X 7556-59 X 77-809.5 X 10.5
    Queen60 X 8062-65 X 82-8510 X 10
    King76 X 8078-81 X 82-8512 X 12
    California King72 x 8474-77 X 86-8912 X 12

    Twin Bed Frame

    Twin  Bed frame Dimension: 40”-43” by 77”-80”

    Twin or single bed frames are great space-saving options. They make a perfect choice for toddlers, big kids, and adults with limited sleeping space. Twin bed frames are ideal for small apartments, children's rooms, and dorm rooms. 

    It is advisable to have a bedroom of at least 7 feet by 10 feet to fit a twin size bed frame and have a space to walk around and place other furniture items. Also, twin beds come with several options, such as bunk beds and trundle beds.

    Twin XL Bed Frame

    Twin XL frame Dimension: 40” - 43” by 82” - 85”

    Twin XL bed frames and Twin bed frames have the same width; however, Twin XL size bed frames are 5 inches longer than a Twin size bed frame. 

    A bed frame of this size is ideal for teenagers or adults with limited space but who want more legroom to sleep comfortably.

    Twin XL frames are suitable options for studio apartments, children's rooms, and college dorms. Like Twin bed frames, Twin XL bed frames also come with bunk bed options. To accommodate a Twin XL bed frame, your room should be at least 7 feet by 10.5 feet.

    Full or Double Bed Frame

    Full or Double Bed Frame Dimension : 56"-59" by 77"-80”

    Full bed frames are the same length as Twin bed frames but about 16 inches wider, making them perfect for single sleepers who need more space to spread out comfortably. However, they are not ideal for tall sleepers and couples.

    A full-size bed frame fits better in small bedrooms and studio apartments. 

    You can easily fit a full-size mattress and a bed frame in a room size of 9.5 feet by 10.5 feet.

    Queen Bed Frame

    Queen frame Dimension: 62”-65” by 82”-85”

    A Queen size bed frame and a queen-size mattress is the most popular mattress size amongst couples and single adults. 

    Though Queen bed frames are not as long as King or California king beds, each sleeper can sleep comfortably. However, tall or plus-sized couples may feel cramped on a queen-size bed.

    These bed frames can also work well in a guest or master bedroom. You can comfortably fit a queen bed frame in a room size of 10 feet by 10 feet.

    King Bed Frame

    King  Bed frame Dimension: 78”-81” by 82”-85”

    King bed frames make a comfortable size for many couples as they are the widest bed frame size providing enough space for each sleeper. Moreover, King size mattresses can accommodate an additional sleeper as well.

    Since the king size bed frame is the largest of all standard bed frame sizes, it can fit only in larger master bedrooms of at least 13 feet by 13 feet.

    California King Bed Frame

    California King Bed frame California King: 74"-77” by 86"-89”

    California king bed frames are longer and narrower than a standard king bed frame. The extra length provides enough space for tall sleepers who need comfortable legroom.

    If you are a small family that loves to sleep together, then a California king mattress coupled with a cal king bed frame should be your go-to option. 

    Your bedroom should be at least 12 feet by 12 feet to fit this bed frame size.

    Specialty Bed Frame Sizes

    When it comes to comfortable bed frame sizes, some people might be just fine with the standard bed frame sizes, while some need specialty bed frame sizes to fit their oversized or custom mattress sizes.

    An excellent example of specialty bed frame size is bunk beds, where many beds are fixed above each other with a small ladder to accommodate more people in less space. Lofted bed frames are another unique example where the bed frame is designed to vacate the ground space. Murphy and trundle bed frames are also categorized as specialty bed frames. 

    Bed Frame Height

    So what should be the ideal bed frame height? Well! The ideal bed frame height should be 12 inches to 16 inches. An average bed frame height of 12-16 inches allows you to touch the ground with your knees bent. Also, you can easily jump into the bed and get out without any discomfort at such a height.

    Bed height can vary depending on the use and bed frame style. There is no thumb rule on the bed frame height. While choosing the bed frame height, ensure that you consider various factors, such as how tall you are and your age.

    Ensure that the height is not very high or very low if an elder uses the bed as it may cause difficulty in getting in and out of bed. Also, if you are choosing a bed frame for your toddler, then ensure that the height is low and has guard rails for additional safety.

    Types of Bed Frames

    Buy now you might have decided what bed frame size and bed frame height suits you the best. Let’s explore what are the different bed frame styles.

    Panel Bed

    A panel bed frame has a very simple structure. It consists of a footboard, headboard, and side panels. Although it has some wooden slats, they are not adequate to support the mattress thoroughly. You will require a foundation to support your mattress if you use a panel bed frame.

    Platform Bed

    A platform bed is a bed frame with a sturdy base - either solid, metal, or slatted - that supports your mattress. 

    Wooden slats used are placed equidistant (2 or 2.5 inches apart) in platform beds to hold the mattress weight and prevent it from sagging. The unique thing about platform beds is that you don't need a box, so it's ready to use once you buy it. 

    Due to their minimalistic design, they can fit in any bedroom style; however, if you want to add more style, it also comes with headboard and footboard options.

    Bunk Bed

    Bunk beds are extensively used in student hostels and dorm rooms. Bunk beds consist of two beds fixed above the other with a small ladder that allows the sleeper to move up and down.

    Bunk beds primarily consist of twin, twin XL, full, and full XL  bed sizes and accommodate many people in a single bed frame.

    Loft Bed

    The loft bed has a top and bottom space. It quite matches a bunk bed with a slight difference- the top bed is used to sleep while the bottom bunk can be used as a storage space or furniture.

    It is an excellent choice for people who want a bed combined with furniture and have space constraints. 

    Sleigh Bed

    Sleigh bed frames are made from solid wood. These bed frames are ultra-luxurious and are large. The headboard and footboard are curved in these beds, which gives them aesthetically pleasing looks. You can use sleigh beds in guest rooms, kid’s rooms, or master bedrooms.

    Four Poster Bed

    Four-poster bed frames consist of a footboard, headboard, and a couple of side panels. These bed frames are similar to the panel bed frames. Although there is a slight difference between the two, four-poster structures consist of columns at all corners.

    Using the columns and rectangular panels of the bed, you can also wrap a decorative cloth around the bed frame. However, the latest four-poster beds do not consist of rectangular panels and curtains.

    Adjustable Bed

    Adjustable beds are flexible beds that allow you to adjust your body at several angles to relieve the pressure points and get a comfortable deep sleep.

    According to reports, adjustable bed frames help you reduce symptoms of many health issues such as acid reflux, obstructive sleep apnea, etc.

    The latest adjustable bed frames come with many amenities that include a USB charging cable, auto massaging, LED bed lighting, and a zero-gravity automatic position setting to make your life ultra-comfortable.

    The cost of adjustable bed frames is much higher than standard bed frames.

    Storage Bed

    As the name suggests, storage bed frames consist of storage space in the bottom part. These storage spaces consist of drawers and cabinets that can store your belongings. It is a valuable bed frame if you have size constraints.

    Trundle Bed

    Trundle bed frames are similar to storage bed frames, but the bottom consists of a thin mattress section that you can pull out for additional sleeping space.

    Bed Frame Materials

    Another significant factor that helps in your bed frame selection is the material used to build the bed frame. Your bed frames are mostly made from wood and metal. Let’s understand both these materials in detail.


    Three out of every four-bed frames you find in the market are made of wood. Wood frames provide long-lasting support to your mattress. They have a high weight-bearing capacity and hence can provide excellent support.

    Pure wooden bed frames can get very heavy. To avoid this situation, you can select wooden bed frames that consist of particleboard. They cost less than regular wooden frames and also weigh less.


    Metal frames are known for their build, support, and longevity. Traditionally, most bed frames used to be metallic, but people shifted to wooden alternatives as metal bed frames tend to lose shape with time. 

    You may get a good quality mattress to sleep on, but if it is not coupled with a perfectly matching bed frame, you may still end up with an uncomfortable sleep. You need to select the size, height, type, and material according to your sleeping preferences to get a perfect bed frame that compliments your high-quality mattress. Hopefully, our insights will help you select the right size bed frame for your mattress. What are you waiting for? Get your perfect-sized bed frame today.

    This article is for informational purposes and should not replace advice from your doctor or other medical professional.
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